This research identifies five such key areas:
1. Curbing ultrafine particulate and black carbon emismions from diesel vehicles.
2. Addressing emissionsfrom two- and three- wheel motor vehicles.
3. Action on promoting and coordinating efforts and initiatives in green freight.
4. Optimizing automotive performance and reducing health impacts through inspection and maintenance (I/M) programs.
5. Prevention of migration and continued use of outdated vehicles and engines.