It has been estimated that about 1.35 million people are killed every year and around 50 million are injured because of road traffic crashes. Road fatalities are the eighth death cause worldwide and the first among young people aged 15 to 29, making road safety a social, economic, health and development issue that needs to be addressed (WHO, 2018). Poor road safety is considered a severe burden to social and economic development, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In fact, 90% of all road fatalities occur in developing countries resulting in about 12-70 million people kept in poverty each year because of road traffic injuries and fatalities resulting in an estimated global economic loss of $ 1.85 trillion (WHO,2018).
Targets & Objectives
UN Member States have agreed on 12 Global Road Safety Performance Targets in order to guide institutional action in its response to the global road safety crisis. Produced by the Project Group “Safer Roads and Mobility” of the United Nations Road Safety Collaboration group (UNRSC), the “Ten Step Plan for Safer Road Infrastructure” has been designed in order to help countries build a national capacity for “improved safety of road infrastructure and broader transport networks” using a step-by-step process. The aim is to achieve Target 3 and Target 4. Target 3 states that “by 2030, all new roads achieve technical standards for all road users that take into account road safety or achieve a three-star rating or better”. Target 4 states that “by 2030, more than 75% of travel on existing roads is on roads that meet technical standards for all road users that take into account road safety.”
The interventions and initiatives are framed in order to respond to high-level objectives:
- Strengthening national and local road safety management capacity and unlocking sustainable resources of domestic road safety financing in low- and middle-income countries.
- Providing funding support to participating institutions and organisations to support road safety programmes at the national and local levels.
- Coordinating other complementary channels of road safety and sustainable transport assistance to countries and cities to harmonise initiatives for the Sustainable Development Goals and maximise their effectiveness and efficiency.
The United Nations Road Safety Collaboration group outlines 3 key priorities to reach the objectives described above and to assist countries in implementing the Ten Step Plan for Safer Road Infrastructure.
Priority #1: Gap Analysis (contains the first 4 steps of the plan)
- STEP 2: Road Infrastructure Management Organisational Mapping
- STEP 3: Review of Current National and State Operational Policies, Standards, Guidelines and Financing Arrangements
- STEP 4: Develop National Safer Road Infrastructure Strategies and supporting Action Plans
Priority #2: Capacity Building (contains the next 2 steps of the plan)
- STEP 5: Development of National Road Design Standards in accordance with the UN Global Road Safety Performance Targets
- STEP 6: Development of National Training, Accreditation and Certification Standards and Institutional Capacity
Priority #3: Institutionalism (contains the last 4 steps of the plan)
- STEP 7: Establish and/or enhance a National Road Assessment Programme (e.g. BrazilRAP, ChinaRAP, IndiaRAP, ThaiRAP, SARAP – South Africa)
- STEP 8: Immediate Road Design Assessments and Road Safety Audits that elevate the safety for all road users to a 3-star or better standard in support of UN Target 3
- STEP 9: Strengthen National Capacity for Infrastructure Road Safety Construction Quality, Data Management, Performance Tracking, Monitoring and Evaluation
- STEP 10: Establish an effective communications programme that celebrates safer road
The Ten Step Plan in Tanzania
The International Road Federation (IRF) - who chairs the UNRSC “Safer Roads and Mobility” Project group alongside UNECA, iRAP, TARA and PIARC, are carrying out a pilot project of the Ten Step Plan in Tanzania thanks to funding from the United Nations Road Safety Fund and World Bank Global Road Safety Facility. The project will last 2 years.