According to Wikipedia – In urban design, walkability is the measure of the overall walking conditions in an area.
The definition for walkability is: “The extent to which the built environment is friendly to the presence of people living, shopping, visiting, enjoying or spending time in an area”.
Factors affecting walkability include, but are not limited to: land use mix; street connectivity; residential density (residential units per area of residential use); “transparency” which includes amount of glass in windows and doors, as well as orientation and proximity of homes and buildings to watch over the street; plenty of places to go to near the majority of homes; placemaking, street designs that work for people, not just cars and retail floor area ratio.
Major infrastructural factors include access to mass transit, presence and quality walkways, buffers to moving traffic (planter strips, on-street parking or bike lanes) and pedestrian crossings, aesthetics, nearby local destinations, air quality, shade or sun in appropriate seasons, street furniture, traffic volume and speed. .and wind conditions.
One of the best ways to quickly determine how walkable a block, corridor or neighborhood is is to count the number of people walking, lingering and enjoying a space. The diversity of people, and especially the presence of children, seniors and people with disabilities, denotes the quality, completeness and wholesomeness of a walkable space.