Rural transportation has played a crucial role in the rural socio-economic development process. New construction and the improvement of rural transport systems are important factors in reducing poverty, eliminating hunger, and improving people’s general living conditions. Due to improvements in Vietnam’s rural transportation, movements of people and cargoes in rural areas have become easier, more convenient, quicker, cheaper and more reliable. These improvements in rural transportation have led to greater accessibility by rural populations to key facilities and services, which can be provided on a more efficient basis. In contrast in places where improvements have not occurred, the poor condition of the rural transport acts as a major obstruction to poverty reduction and the improvement of the rural population’s living conditions.
In recent years, the Vietnamese Government, with the support of international development organizations, has made a focused effort to invest in rural transport. The development of rural roads has formed a key component of Vietnam’s poverty alleviation strategy. This paper presents key issues relevant to rural transport; the Vietnamese Rural Transport Strategy (RTS); investment in rural roads and the end user requirements.