Roads often bring significant economic and social benefits, but they can also have substantial negative impacts on communities and the natural environment. As we become more aware of these impacts, there is a growing demand for the techniques and skills needed to incorporate environmental considerations into road planning and management. This, the second edition of the handbook, is an updated version of a World Bank report (TWU 13) released in September 1994. It has been substantially revised and modified based on user feedback, field experience and intensive review of recent international literature while maintaining its balance between conciseness and comprehensive coverage of the issues. This handbook is intended primarily for: road agency managers, who need to broaden the skills and capabilities of their organizations to deal with evolving issues such as the natural environment, social impact analysis, public involvement, landscape design and environmental law; road engineers, planners and contractors, who need to increase their awareness of environmental issues at all stages of their work; environmental specialists, community groups, academics, development organizations; and others with an interest in the relationship between roads and the environment. A key objective of the handbook is to integrate environmental thinking into road planning and management, and to improve communication among different disciplines and interest groups, which often use different concepts and terminology.
Website link: Roads and the Environment Handbook – World Bank