Position Papers
V. Setty Pendakur
Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program, World Bank (USA)
Published in
Submitted by
Peter Midgley, gTKP
Related theme(s)
Urban Mobility
Africa (AFR)

Non-Motorized Transport in African Cities: Lessons from Experience in Kenya and Tanzania

During 1995 to 1999, with financial contribution from the Dutch Government, the SSATP carried out a program of Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) Infrastructure and Services in Kenya (Nairobi and Eldoret) and Tanzania (Temeke, ward of Dar es Salaam and Morogoro). The studies and pilot projects were carried out by an international team of consultants, lead by IHE, national teams in Kenya (team leader Tom Opiyo) and Tanzania (team leader Theo Rwebangira), and municipal staff teams in Dar es Salaam, Nairobi, Morogoro and Eldoret. Following the completion of this program, the consultants published a comprehensive book: “Productive and Liveable Cities: Guidelines for Pedestrians and Bicycle Traffic in African Cities”. It is based upon the experience of the NMT pilot program and is written as a guide for African urban transport professionals.

The SSATP then undertook an assessment of the above NMT program, the results of which were published in 2002. In 2003, the international consultants undertook a long-term impact evaluation of the NMT program.4 This report aims to: (a) comprehensively document the background to urban mobility in SSA, (b) describe the NMT pilot projects and their post-project monitoring, (c) document the various assessments of this program which were previously undertaken and (d) draw the “Lessons from experience ” as a potentially useful instrument for the formulation and implementation of future NMT programs in SSA.