The European PPP Expertise Centre (EPEC) is a joint initiative involving the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Commission, Member States of the European Union, Candidate States and certain other States. This publication has been prepared to contribute to and stimulate discussions on public-private partnerships (PPPs) as well as to foster the diffusion of best practices in this area.
- PPP transactions in the EU;
- Transactions of a design-build-finance-operate (DBFO) nature or a design-build-finance-maintain (DBFM) nature or concession arrangements which feature a construction element, the provision of a public service and a genuine risk sharing between the public and the private sector;
- Transactions financed through ‘project financing’ and which reached financial close in the year; and
- Transactions for a value of at least EUR 10 million.