There is global recognition that gender equality is an important aspect of the three pillars of sustainable development: 1) social inclusion, 2) environmental sustainability, and 3) economic growth; and addressing gender disparities is increasingly recognized as being at the core of the Bank’s mandate of economic growth and poverty reduction. Transport networks and services have many positive impacts on women’s and men’s lives. They increase access to markets for labor and goods, reduce the time and cost of marketing produce, and expand access to services. Gaining a better understanding of the subtle links between gender, poverty, and transport access —including women’s time poverty and health, poverty and access services, and reallocation of women’s time savings, family welfare and economic development—can help decision-makers and teams develop effective sector strategies and operations more likely to have gender-equitable outcomes.
The World Bank