Frame working Road Safety by Safe System approach on SHs and NHs in India and Assessment with iRAP (Presentation 809)
India leads in road accident deaths over the countries of the world, which is second to China in total length of roads. According to MoRTH, road deaths in National Highways and State Highways in India account for nearly 65% of the total deaths but shares only 5% of the total roads. Examining past 10 year’s accident severity index it can be seen an increase from 21.6 to 29.1. This shows that the infrastructure which are designed are not capable to cushion the accidents occurring in it, which is leading to serious injuries and deaths. So there is a need to provide a Safe System which ensures that the forces in collisions do not exceed the limits of human tolerance and reduces the fatalities thus preventing from serious injuries and deaths. Therefore a safe system approach which ensures these vision, strategy, plan, and program execution must be in acted upon. For this relying on the traditional approach of Road Safety Auditing, in which only a few of the very worst roads are audited and which works better only after the accidents had occurred cannot be attributed. To counteract this assessment of high risk roads can be studied by International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP), which comes with Star Ratings and Safer Roads Investment Plans that can be used as part of a systematic approach to road infrastructure risk assessment and it also produce countermeasures as a mitigative measure. The night time accident in India is about 39 % in which most victims are the vulnerable road users. Most of the accidents are due to lack of visibility. To enhance night time visibility, provision of sufficient street lighting is requisite mainly at junctions. So in this paper meta-analysis study of various research works have been done to conclude with a better precise result for developing risk factors for street lighting which may lessen the night time accidents.