Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, is a naturally born high carbon city. From its original road centered design to its expansion and occupation of land policies, everything has strengthened the premise that the car – and not the pedestrian – is a measure of both the public policies on urban planning and the smallest government actions which are taken.
This paper, after briefly describing the urban structure of the city, analyzes the objectives and interventions proposed by the Urban Transport Program of the Federal District. At the same time, comments are made regarding the findings of the Report on Strategic Environmental Evaluation (a relevant supplementary document, aimed at obtaining funds from the Inter-American Development Bank – IDB) and its implications are discussed. Finally, the present study speculates about possible solutions that are complementary or alternative to the program and can contribute to urban mobility with low CO2 emissions in the Federal District.