There is a need for large and continuing amounts of investment in almost all areas of infrastructure in India. This includes transportation (roads, ports, railways, and airports), energy (generation and transmission), communications (cable, television, fiber, mobile and satellite) and agriculture (irrigation, processing and warehousing). The key issue is, while the need exists, how will these projects get financed.
In the past the government has been the sole financier of these projects and has often taken responsibility for implementation, operations and maintenance as well. There is a gradual recognition that this may not be best way to execute/finance these projects.