Para-transit system is indispensable transport system in medium sized cities of India due to various reasons. Size, pattern, structure, socio-economic conditions and network characteristics of these cities and service flexibility of PTS make it a vital transport system. The popularity of the system is evident from the fact that in some medium sized cities the PTS serves nearly 80 percent to 90 percent of the total passenger trips catered by public transport. It lacks infrastructure support for its operations and parking. Minimal check is being executed on the behavior of its drivers for their indiscipline, violations, disobedience to traffic rules and regulations. Poor maintenance of vehicles spreads pollution in these cities. Planning and administrative measures are suggested to improve the performance and operation of the PTS to serve the city safely, efficiently and in an environmentally sound manner.
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Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab (India)
Peter Midgley, gTKP