The conditions that ultimately led to the development opportunity at Ciudad Azteca arose from several overlapping trends in the MCMA. While population growth over the last decades has concentrated in the State of Mexico, most jobs remain concentrated in Mexico City. Very few mass rail transit lines cross from Mexico City to the State of Mexico, while millions of people need to make such trips daily. Buses and minibuses (colectivos) provide the major share of public transportation services in the region, however these routes cannot legally cross state boundaries. Thus, bus and colectivo users traveling from the broader MCMA into Mexico City proper, must transfer at the border, typically at intermodal transfer centers. Serving an estimated 5 million users per day, these transfer centers remain little more than large parking lots and suffer from congestion, poor design and maintenance, and safety and public security concerns.
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