The aim of this document is to better understand how transport affects the success of urban areas, the effectiveness of current policy approaches and what this implies for future policy.This report shows that transport is vital to the success of urban areas, but that currently it causes considerable harm. New policy will need to consider the broad finding that congestion is not the only, or most important transport cost in urban areas. Evidence suggests many of the harms from urban transport will continue to grow unless action is taken. Consequently a choice will have to be faced between continuing to allow car growth to continue increasing congestion and further reducing the attractiveness of alternatives; or making public transport, cycling and walking more accessible so they are more frequently chosen.
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The Strategy Unit, UK Cabinet Office
The Strategy Unit, Cabinet Office (UK)
Peter Midgley, gTKP