This paper has been prepared on the basis of the IPAR Policy Brief on the Matatu Industry in Kenya. The brief was based on original studies that were completed by the Institute’s researchers between November 2003 and March 2004 and which were: The Institutional and Organizational Structure of Public Transport in Kenya by P.O. Asingo; the Economic Costs and Benefits of the Industry by P.K. Ndung’u, T.N. Kibua and M.M. Masinde; the Internal Capacity of the Matatu Industry by P.O. Chitere; and a Commentary on the Legal Notice No. 161 by D. Gachuki.