ࡱ> WYV[ bjbj 5Jΐΐ\\)ccccc>:x t(v(v(v(v(v(v($*-(>>(cc(&    cct( t(  &@(c9G '`((<)0'.^.(@(.@(  (( ).\ e: Transport targets and indicators related to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) MDGTargetsIndicatorsMDG 1 Eradication of extreme poverty and hungerAccess to inputs and markets, and generation of employment opportunities, improved by halving the proportion of rural population living beyond 2 km of an all-season modes of transport Proportion of rural population within 2 km of an all season mode of transportation. % increase in road and rail density. % Reduction of travel and vehicle turnaround time % Increased productivity in agriculture and economic activities % Increase in employment opportunities and income generation from transport related activitiesThe difference in average transport cost between Africa and Asia narrowed down by 50% % Reduction in passenger fares (passenger kilometer) % Reduction in unit goods transport cost (ton kilometer) Level of affordability of transport cost as % of income by the urban and rural poor % Increase in the use of intermediate means of transport (IMT) Existence of sustainable financing mechanisms such as Road Funds % Increase in the proportion of modes of transportation in good and fair conditionMDG 2 + 3 Universal primary education and gender equalityRural access and urban mobility improved and cost reduced to eliminate constraints on the time which all children have to participate in education and to enable effective education to be delivered and reached safely% of schools which have reliable access % of households which report transport constraint on education, i.e. : Lack of girls time for school Difficulty (cost) of access Poor quality of education service Lack of safe access to school Access by women to appropriate transport servicesProportion of women with access to appropriate modes of transportMDG 4 + 5 Child Health and Maternal MortalityRural access and urban mobility improved for reliable supply of inputs to health facilities, to provide affordable access for all households and to enable cost effective outreach health activities % Health centers, clinics etc with reliable rural access. % of households reporting constraints on access to health services because of: Distance Cost / difficulty of travel Unit cost immunization / capita Unit cost / coverage of outreach services / capitaEmergency transport response for medical crisis in rural communities improved through community communications facilities linked to improved transport services % Emergency patients unable to reach health care in time: Expectant or postnatal mothers Children under 5 years % of child birth at home or on the way to a health facilityMDG 6 HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseasesEnsure transport sector ceases to be an agent for spreading HIV/AIDSHIV/AIDS Prevalence among transport sector workers (public and private) HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in transport affected communities Inter-country coordination of actions relating to AIDS in transport sector (per 10,000 person) % of countries that have included transport in their HIV/AIDS programs.MDG 7 Environmental sustainabilityShare of urban residents for whom mobility problems severely constrain access to employment and essential services halved% of households (in the various urban living environments) which report transport costs and time as major obstacles to employment% of households which report access as a major obstacle for essential servicesEnvironmental sustainability promoted in all transport operations and development programsEnvironmental impact identified by audits of transportation programs undertaken. Implementation and enforcement of international conventions in air and maritime transport.Production of leaded petrol ceased by 2010Number of countries banning sale of leaded petrolRate of road accident fatalities reduced by half by 2015Rate of fatality (per million vehicles-km) Number of countries adopting road safety strategiesMDG 8 Global partnership for developmentTransport cost for landlocked countries reduced by half and their access to global markets improved, by 2015Percentage reduction of missing links of the Trans-African Highways (TAH) network and transit corridors. % reduction in transport cost for landlocked countries % increase in rail network, between countries % increase in direct private investment Implementation and enforcement of international conventions in air and maritime transport.All non-physical transport barriers that increase journey time, customs clearance, border delay and impede the flow of goods and services dismantled by 2015Proportion of countries that have reduced checkpoints along their main transit corridors to a maximum of 3 (between port and border of land-locked country). % Reduction in the level of pilferage and diversion of goods in transit Proportion of countries that have reduced their border crossing time to OECD/ Industrialized countries average. % Increase in the number of one-stop border post Proportion of countries that have reduced their port clearing time to OECD/Industrialized countries average. % Increase in corridor management committees Axle load limits, equipment and infrastructure for all modes of transport, technical standards harmonized by all RECsall RECs by 2015Proportion of countries that have implemented axle load limits and design standards for transport infrastructure Air and maritime transport services improved fares reduced, and movement of goods and services facilitated in all African countries by 2015Number of new connections between African countries established. Number of products and volume of traffic of products transported by air and sea. 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