Road Pricing and Congestion Charging
Road pricing means charging for the use of roads in a way that reflects the costs of using them - paying more when roads are congested and less when traffic is light. Congestion charging is a form of road pricing that aims to reduce motor vehicle travel into congested urban areas. It works because it changes behaviour. Motorists are encouraged to change their habits, travelling at different times or by different routes, possibly to alternative destinations, or making their journey by public transport and/or non-motorised transport (on foot or by cycle). Road pricing works best when applied in parallel with other measures, such as public transport improvements and provisions for cyclists and pedestrians.